Eating of Meat and Beef in the Hindu Tradition

 By David Frawley (Pt. Vamadeva Shastri)

CowIndia’s Traditions of Non-violence and Vegetarianism

The Buddha states in the Dhammapada 26.409, “Him I call a Brahmana who lays aside the rod, who neither kills nor causes the death of creatures, moving or non-moving (animals or plants).”

The same type of statements are very common in Hindu literature and in Yoga texts. Non-Violence and a vegetarian diet have long been part of India’s spiritual traditions Vedic, Buddhist and Jain, so much so that they are often the main things that people think about as characterizing these teachings.

Hindu Dharma Embraces People of All Levels

However, Hindu Dharma – as the world’s oldest, most diverse and most tolerant religion – has teachings and practices for a variety of temperaments and levels of both individuals and cultures. One cannot reduce it to a few simplistic rules or stereotypes. It is much broader both in theory and practice than Western monotheistic religions. Like the proverbial elephant and the blind man, one must learn to look to all sides of it. This topic requires the same many-sided approach.

Most Hindu sects have emphasized vegetarianism as an important aid for yogic and spiritual practices. Hindu monastic orders require vegetarianism for their monks. Hindu temples and ashrams routinely serve only vegetarian food and have done so as far back as anyone can remember.

Hindu Dharma has emphasized the care of the cow as a symbol of the beneficence of the Earth and the Divine Mother. Many Hindus have practiced cow protection and asked for cows not to be slaughtered for food. Mahatma Gandhi himself was a great proponent of cow protection.

That being so, it must also be noted that no one has never had to become a vegetarian to be a Hindu. Historically a number of Hindu people and communities have eaten at least some meat and fish. This is particularly true of the Hindu warrior class or the nobility, who were allowed to use weapons to protect their communities from harm.

Many Hindus in India and the West today eat chicken and fish, some even lamb. Certain Hindu groups in the east of India, in Indonesia (Bali) and in Nepal have continued to eat meat and practice animal sacrifice in their temples and have done so for many centuries. Some Hindu Tantrics have included the ritual eating of meat as part of their spiritual practices.

Yet that also being so, it must be noted that many, if not most of the Hindus who have eaten meat still regard vegetarianism as better or more spiritual, and would prefer to maintain a more vegetarian diet if they could. Their eating of meat does not serve to negate the importance of vegetarianism in Hindu dharma.

Scholarly Mischief

Lacking a broad understanding of the subject, and probably intentionally aiming at hurting Hindu sentiments for political gain, some scholars, particularly Indian Marxists, have emphasized the meat-eating side of Hindu practices. They like to quote a few instances of possible eating of beef in ancient Vedic texts, which they highlight or exaggerate, as if this invalidated the numerous Hindus who have been vegetarian or makes a mockery of Hindu teachings about the subject.

We should point out that no Buddhist country in the world today is predominantly vegetarian. Tibetan and Japanese monks eat meat, including red meat (even the Dalai Lama). To my knowledge, only the Chinese Buddhist monks today are still vegetarian. Yet this does not mean that non-violence, respect for animals or even promotion of vegetarianism are not Buddhist or are opposed to Buddha Dharma.

In ancient times, there was an even greater diversity of culture, education, agricultural practices and life-styles among the different peoples of the subcontinent of India that Hindu teachings reached, including several nomadic groups. These different groups were given their freedom in determining their diet and culture, which in some instances included meat eating.

Yet when meat eating was resorted to it was encouraged to be done only as a sacrifice, a sacred ritual, often only performed on special occasions, not in the modern consumerist manner, much less the American style of beef for dinner every night.

Vedic Practices

If we look at the whole of the Rig Veda, which is the oldest and the longest Vedic text (routinely said to be anywhere from 3500 to 5000 years old), the main Vedic offerings are ghee (ghrita), honey (madhu), Soma, milk (go, payas), yogurt (dadhi), grain (yava) and other plant and dairy products, which are mentioned hundreds of times. Soma, a plant juice, is said to be the supreme offering to the Gods.

References to actual animal sacrifices do exist in the Rig Veda but are relatively few, only a handful, and even these are often highly symbolic. Animal sacrifice (pashu bandhu) is outlined in several Vedic texts as one of many different possible offerings, not as the main offering. Even so, the animal could only be killed along with special mantras and rituals. The killing of the bull is not mentioned as a type of pashu bandhu. The goat is the main animal used. A special horse sacrifice also existed (ashvamedha) but was a royal ritual taking an entire year to consecrate a single animal for the sacrifice, not a common article of food!

Yet there are a few possible instances referring to the sacrifice of bulls (not of female cows). These might have been symbolic but could have occurred in some communities, particularly of a cow herding type that had too many bulls, or perhaps in times of famine when other food was not available. Such possible rare instances cannot be entirely disproved, but certainly were not common either.

The Rig Veda also abounds with the honoring of the sacred nature of the cow, which similarly occurs in hundreds of instances, and continues throughout the entire Hindu tradition. Indeed the Vedic word for cow (gau), also means the earth, the Goddess, a ray of light, the senses, the soul, knowledge, the word and many other mystic meanings, reflecting its depth of connections to the Vedic mind. The care of the cow is a much more important Vedic theme, than any animal sacrifices.

Conclusion: Be Better Informed

One method of distortion that certain politically minded scholars use is what I would call, ‘using an exception to create the rule’. Pointing out a few possible instances of eating beef in Vedic texts cannot be made into a rule for discrediting the great history of cow protection in India. A few Christian monastic groups were vegetarian as well. This cannot be used to make Christianity as we know it into a vegetarian tradition.

As Hinduism is such an ancient and many-sided religion practiced by a diversity of peoples and cultures, scholars can find such exceptions on almost any matter to make such points. Hindus also have numerous sacred texts, none of which they have to follow literally.

Another method of anti-Hindu scholars is to find something objectionable in some obscure Hindu text, perhaps thousands of years old, which not at all binding, relevant or even known to Hindus today. One can similarly find something objectionable in the ancient literature of any country. Hindus, unlike followers of other religions, are not compelled to literally believe or mindlessly follow what any Hindu text might say, particularly Hindu works on social practices (dharma sutras), which were always subject to modification relative to the needs of time, place, person and culture. This is quite unlike the Islamic Sharia lawcode, which is regarded as binding for all Muslims today. One can just as well point out objectionable practices in Christian lawcodes of the Middle Ages as indicating what Christianity is today!

To deal with such distortions, Hindus should know their religion better. They should be aware of the diversity of Hindu groups and practices historically and geographically. What Hindu Dharma overall promotes is a recognition of the sacred. This includes honoring the diversity of life in terms of individuals, cultures, plants, animals and the entire world of nature. Hindu vegetarianism arose out of that recognition and should be viewed in that context.

Related articles: 1)  Lay off meat-eating Hindus, 2) Hinduism & the Holy Cow

This article was originally published in Hindu Voice UK in September 2006.

David Frawley’s many books are perhaps the best literature explaining Hindu dharma and its various branches of wisdom in the English language. Many of his articles can be found of the website of the American Institute of Vedic Studies, of which David Frawley is director.

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Comments

  1. A patriot says:

    Why confuze Buddha with Hinduism? If you want clarifiations on Hindu philosophy search in Upanishads if not Vedas. Even Puranas might help. Why confuse with Buddha and Buddhism?

  2. A patriot says:

    The last paragraph sums it up. Hinduism is so diversified, democratic and free of any rigidity – one reason why there are somany dieties – in nutshel, it is only a guide for you to be of help to others, harmless, sharing what you have, – always thinking of Him’Her and consder oneself to be only a tool for his/her actions!

  3. Reblogged this on Ayurveda&Yoga and commented:
    An interesting article by David Frawley, on Hinduism and vegeterianism, worth a read.

  4. Reblogged this on bluedyedflower.

  5. Vedic Pathik says:

    Beef Eating in Ancient Indian Scriptures – Comments
    Misconceptions have crept as Vedic Scriptures have been wrongly translated/interpreted by some western and Indian authors to down play ancient Indian heritage, culture and vedic philosophy being ignorant about the true meaning of Ved Mantras as illustrated by Swami Dayanand Sarswati in his books of explaining true meanings of Vedic literature.
    Cow is a sacred animal in Hinduism. Texts of Vedas start with the preaching’s of Ahimsa and Satya (Non violence and truthfulness). Cow is sacred for its value of curing most of the diseases by its milk, butter, urine and cow dung not only for human beings but also for plant life and environment. Killing of allantras animals/birds etc. is prohibited in the VEDAS and Vedic Literature. Dr. Zakir Naik and othes should read Satyarth Prakash and Rig Vedadi Bhashya Bhumika By Swami Dayanad Sarswati and all their illusions about beef eating/cow slaughter in Hindu Religion will vanish. We should propagate universal brotherhood and peace in the universe and we should not peach hatred and ill will against humanity. I pray to the God that good sense may prevail among the preachers of all religions to propagate good values for all human beings and all the creation of the GOD.

  6. My contribution about David Frawley and other western experts. Best regards.

    Yoga : Main contemporary western experts

    Professor James Mallinson (England)

    James Mallinson’s interest in yoga grew out of a fascination for India and Indian asceticism – he spent several years living with Indian ascetics and yogis, in particular Rāmānandī Tyāgīs. His MA thesis, part of a major in ethnography, was on Indian asceticism. He became dissatisfied, however, with (to quote Sheldon Pollock) the “hypertrophy of method” that afflicts much of the humanities, and anthropology in particular, so sought to ground his future research in philology. The one aspect of ascetic practice that is well represented in Sanskrit texts is yoga, so for his doctoral thesis he chose to edit an early text on haṭhayoga, the Khecarīvidyā, which teaches in detailkhecarīmudrā, one of traditional haṭhayoga’s most important practices, and he used fieldwork among traditional yogis in India to shed light on the text’s teachings (but not so much light that he had to justify his methods!).
    As he worked on his thesis he became more and more unsure that the received wisdom on the origins of haṭhayoga (whose practices form the basis of much of modern yoga) was correct, in particular its blanket attribution to the Nāth sect, based as that wisdom was on a very small selection of the available texts and modern oral history (which is rarely a reliable source in India). But it was clear that to put his work in the broader context was going to be impossible while working on his thesis. When he was revising it for publication a few years after completing it, he was asked to contribute to a volume on the Nāths and their literature. He agreed and decided to concentrate on the corpus of texts of haṭhayoga. It soon became apparent that this was going to be too big a task for a single chapter of a book and he apologised to the volume’s editor but continued with his research. Four years on he has identified a corpus of eight works that teach early haṭhayoga and about a dozen more that contribute to its classical formulation in the Haṭhapradīpikā. With this philological basis established it has been possible at last to put all ofhaṭhayoga’s aspects into context, which is what he is doing in the monograph on which he is currently working, Yoga and Yogis: The Texts, Techniques and Practitioners of Early Haṭhayoga, which he hopes will be published in 2012. Many of the conclusions that can be drawn from the corpus and the other sources he uses (from Mughal miniatures to his fieldwork amongst traditional yogis) overturn what was previously thought about yoga’s formative period. Although he has decided to present the bulk of the findings in a single monograph (because its parts are all so interdependent), in the course of working on it he has written various spin-off articles and reviews on specific aspects of haṭhayoga.
    Dr. James Mallinson is vegetarian.

    Website: http://www.khecari.com

    STUDIES

    1988-1991 BA Sanskrit (Oxford).
    1992-1993 MA Area Studies (South Asia) SOAS
    1995-2002 DPhil (Oxford), supervised by Professor Alexis Sanderson, The Khecarīvidyā of Adinatha: A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation.2002-2008 translator for the Clay Sanskrit Library
    2009-2010 Temporary position as Lecturer in Sanskrit at SOAS
    2010 – Fellow of the Institute of Classical Studies Lavasa

    BOOKS

    2009 The Ocean of the Rivers of Story by Somadeva. 2 ~ Vol. New York University Press.
    2007 The Ocean of the Rivers of Story by Somadeva. Vol ~ 1. New York University Press.
    The Shiva Samhita 2007. New York: YogaVidya.com.
    2007 The Khecarīvidyā of Adinatha. A critical edition and annotated translation of an early text of haṭhayoga. London: Routledge. (In 2010 the book was reprinted in paperback by Routledge and an Indian hardback edition was published by Indica Books.)
    Messenger by Kalidasa Poems 2006, Rupa & Dhoyi Gosvamin. New York University Press.
    2005 The Emperor of the Sorcerers by Budhasvamin. 2 ~ Vol. New York University Press.
    2005 The Emperor of the Sorcerers by Budhasvamin. Vol ~ 1. New York University Press.
    2004 The Gheranda Samhita. New York: YogaVidya.com.
    Articles
    Forthcoming (2011) Entry on “Hatha Yoga” in the Brill Encyclopedia of Hinduism Vol ~ 3.
    Forthcoming (2011) Entry on “The Nath Sampradaya” in the Brill Encyclopedia of Hinduism Vol ~ 3.
    Forthcoming (2011) “The yogis’ Latest Trick”. Review article in Tantric Studies (University of Hamburg).
    Forthcoming (2011) Entry on “The Kumbh Mela” in Keywords in Modern Indian Studies to be published by Oxford University Press (Delhi) in the series “SOAS Studies on South Asia”.
    Forthcoming (2011) “Siddhi and Mahāsiddhi in Early Haṭhayoga” in Yoga Powers, ed. Knut Jacobsen. Brill.
    Forthcoming (2011) “The Original Gorakṣaśataka,” in Yoga in Practice, ed. David Gordon White. Princeton University Press.
    2005 “Ramanandi tyagis and Haṭhayoga,” pp. 107-121 in the Journal of Vaishnava Studies Vol ~ 14 ~ 1/Fall No. 2005. Reprinted inNamarupa magazine (2006). Reproduced with permission of the Journal of Vaishnava Studies

    2007 Channel 4 documentary, The Beginner’s Guide to Yoga, que Also was broadcast on the Discovery Channel. I devised the Programme, co-presented it and was associate producer.

    CONTACT:

    admin@modernyogaresearch.org

    https://www.khecari.com

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    Professor Christian Rodriguez (Argentina)

    Professor Christian Rodriguez or Yogacharya Yogi Om, is a teacher, writer and international Yoga speaker born in Buenos Aires in 1975, has written twelve books, all relating to Yoga and the knowledge contained in that discipline. These books have been published in audiobook format, according to the author, for ecological reasons.

    HISTORY

    Professor Christian Rodriguez, Yogacharya Yogi Om appointed under the auspices of the Hindu Yogi Ramananda Surya Prarya Yogi is the only follower, outside India,
    the lineage of yoga created 5,000 years ago in the foothills of the Himalayas in northern India.
    His Guru, RamanandaSuryaPraryaYogi, proceeded to bequeath the ancient knowledge, which have been transmitted from master to disciple, in the secret oral tradition, and under the gurukula system, since the creation of Yoga 5000 years ago.

    He has given numerous lectures in his country (Argentina) and South American countries such as Chile, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay and Ecuador.
    Recently approved by his guru, he is revealing ancient knowledge pertaining to yoga, which had never been released outside of the lineage. Such knowledge disclosed, have caused a real sensation and impact in India and among the followers of yoga and experts from around the world, among which are also Indologists, archaeologists and ancient india historians, who have also been interested in their disclosures.

    His disclosures have also been of great interest to scholars and researchers of the ancient text Samudrika Shastra, they consider that the recently disclosed information could be the basis on which the text is drawn above. The Samudrika Shastra deals mainly cast by the morphological characteristics of the hands, face and external skull shape and the psychological implications. Other stakeholders in its disclosures have been the Vastu experts, which have found new information on that discipline.

    Absolute admirer of Mahatma Gandhi, Professor Christian Rodriguez is a strict vegetarian for spiritual, moral and ethical grounds by definition. Also practiced animal protectionism, making work with their students and followers rescuing abandoned public roads (karma yoga), which animals receive appropriate care in order to be granted for adoption. Is also an active environmentalist, however, is proclaimed in favor of ecology on a personal level, without resorting to clusters. Throughout the years he has collected thousands of discarded (karma yoga). He estimated result of having these batteries discarded with ordinary waste have contaminated the amount of one billion liters of water.

    MEDIA APPEARANCES

    Respecting his Guru tradition, has always adopted a low profile and an uncompromising stance on appearances on radio, television, print and other media.

    BIBLIOGRAPHY

    His books have been published, “for ecological reasons” according to its author, in audiobook format. The books have been published in Spanish (aimed at Spanish-speaking countries), in english language for English speakers, and in Hindi and Gujarati language aimed at readers in the Republic of India.
    Books can only be purchased directly through reviewers teacher, not being available in stores or Internet sites selling. Among the famous people who have purchased his works include the British singer and yoga practitioner Sting.

    Some of his books:

    * Dhyana
    * Jyoti
    * Nada
    * Pranakar Prabhava

    Audiobooks available

    15 TITLES PUBLISHED
    UNREVEALED KNOWLEDGE

    Synopsis

    PROFESSOR CHRISTIAN RODRIGUEZ (YOGACHARYA YOGUI OM) IS THE ONLY FOLLOWER, OUTSIDE INDIA, YOGA LINEAGE CREATED 5.000 YEARS AGO IN THE FOOTHILLS OF THE HIMALAYA, IN NORTHERN INDIA.
    YOUR GURU, RAMANANDA SURYA PRARYA YOGI PROCEEDED TO BEQUEATH BY ANCESTRAL KNOWLEDGE, WHICH HAVE BEEN FORWARDED FROM MASTER TO DISCIPLE, IN ORAL SECRET TRADITION, AND UNDER THE SYSTEM GURUKULA, SINCE THE CREATION OF YOGA, 5,000 YEARS AGO.
    PROFESSOR CHRISTIAN RODRIGUEZ, NEWLY AUTHORIZED BY YOUR GURU, SET TO RELEASE FIRST TIME IN THE HISTORY OF KNOWLEDGE YOGIC 5,000 YEARS OLD, WHICH HAVE ONLY BEEN DISCLOSED SECRETLY FORWARDED TEACHER AND A DISCIPLE, BUT NEVER DISCLOSED TO ANYONE OUTSIDE THE ANCIENT LINEAGE.

    IN INDIA, OVER 5,000 YEARS AGO, THE ANCIENT YOGIS PROCEEDED TO CREATE AND RAJA YOGA HATHA BUILD. THESE ARE TRANSMITTED KNOWLEDGE IN A STATEMENT IN THE ORAL TRADITION UNDER GURUKULA SYSTEM IN WHICH THE STUDENT LIVES WITH HIS GURU UNTIL THE END OF THE LEARNING.
    THE AUTHOR, WHO PURCHASED SUCH KNOWLEDGE THROUGH ANCIENT YOGIC SECRET TRADITION, PROCEED TO FIRST DISCLOSE.
    AN HISTORIC BOOK, RECORD, A REAL DOCUMENT, WHICH RESULTS MUST, WHETHER DISCLOSURE, FINDINGS, AND CONSULTATION IMPROVEMENT.

    AUDIOBOOKS AVAILABLE

    15 TITLES PUBLISHED

    REQUESTS TO E – MAIL:
    profesorchristianrodriguez@hotmail.com

    CONTACT

    http://www.youtube/user/profesorrodriguez

    http://www.profesorchristianrodriguez.wordpress.com

    http://www.profesorchristianrodriguez.blogspot.com.ar

    http://www.facebook.com/people/Yoga-Audiolibro/100007417639388

    profesorchristianrodriguez@hotmail.com

    ————————————————————–

    Professor David Frawley (USA)

    Vedacharya David Frawley (Pandit Vamadeva Shastri) is a western born teacher in the Vedic tradition. In India, Vamadeva is recognized as a Vedacharya (Vedic teacher), and includes in his scope of studies Ayurveda, Yoga, Vedanta and Vedic astrology, as well as the ancient Vedic texts.
    In India, Vamadeva’s translations and interpretations of the ancient Vedic teachings have been acclaimed in both spiritual and scholarly circles. He has worked extensively teaching, writing, lecturing, conducting research and helping establish schools and associations in related Vedic fields over the last more than three decades.
    Vamadeva sees his role as a “Vedic educator” helping to revive Vedic knowledge in an interdisciplinary approach for the planetary age. He regards himself as a translator to help empower people to use Vedic systems to enhance their lives and aid in their greater Self-realization.
    Vamadeva has worked in several different healing and scholarly fields, with some degree of specialization over certain periods of time. Yet he has endeavored to approach each with a degree of specificity, providing both the background philosophy and practical teachings.
    Phillip Goldberg in his popular book American Veda (page 223) recognizes Vamadeva (David Frawley) as one of the main “acharya”s of Vedanta-Yoga in the West today, as well as noting his influence in India as a Vedacharya. Note various comments about his work below.
    “Those who know (vidvaamsah) will confirm that the works of Shri Vamadeva Shastri are distinguished by their authenticity. This is so because they are based on (1) his personal quest and experience (2) deep dwelling into the texts and (3) oral learning received from many authentic teachers who are experts in their areas of knowledge. Shri Vamadeva Shastri (Acharya David Frawley) has done this great service to many that he has offered access into knowledge that was often hitherto inaccessible to an average western seeker.”
    Swami Veda Bharati, Swami Rama Sadhaka Grama, Rishikesh
    “David Frawley is one of the most important scholars of Ayurveda and Vedic Science today. I have great respect and admiration for his knowledge and the way he has expounded the ancient wisdom of the Vedas.”
    Deepak Chopra
    “Frawley is an Indian in an American body. The ease with which he enters into the spiritual of the Indian tradition and renders its deeper concepts in terms of modern thought shows an unusual familiarity with this ancient wisdom.”
    M.P. Pandit, Secretary of Sri Aurobindo Ashram
    “Certainly America’s most singular practicing Hindu.”
    Ashok Malik, India Today
    “David Frawley is a formidable scholar of Vedanta and easily the best known Western Acharya of the Vedic wisdom.”
    Ashish Sharma, Indian Express, the Express Magazine
    Vamadeva received a Pandit award as part of a special Brahmacharya Vishvanathji yearly award in Mumbai in 1994. His role as a pandit and Vedic teacher (Vedacharya) has been honored by many groups in India, where he has frequently lectured and taught. These include Swaminarayan (BAPS), Arsha Vidya Gurukulam (Swami Dayananda), and the Chinmaya Mission (Swami Mitrananda). Such a traditional title as a Pandit and Vedacharya implies having written and taught on the four Vedas and Upanishads, which Vamadeva has done in his many Vedic books that include many original translations from the Sanskrit, particularly from the most ancient Rigveda itself, over the last thirty five years.
    Acharya Frawley’s work in India was honored in the book The Mind of the Guru, Conversations with Spiritual Masters (Viking, India, 2003) by Rajiv Mehrotra of the Dalai Lama Foundation, Delhi, India, which featured twenty modern teachers, mainly from India, with a foreword by the Dalai Lama.
    In India in 2012, Vamadeva Shastri was made one of the patrons of the Dharma-Dhamma conference hosted by the government of Madhya Pradesh for the starting of a new Sanchi University of Buddhist and Indic Studies at Sanchi/Bhopal. He was one of the two speakers for the closing plenary session. He has been asked to be a visiting professor to Sanchi university for its department of Vedic studies and was made a patron for the university’s second international conference in March 2014. He has been asked to conduct one of the university’s first six courses.

    Revising Ancient History: Sanatana Dharma

    After seeing how the spiritual meaning of the Vedas had been misinterpreted by modern scholars, Vamadeva could easily see how the historical side of the Vedas had similarly been distorted. This led him to a revision of ancient history. His work revising the history of ancient India has brought him into contact with major archeologists and historians. He has has many published books on the Vedas and Ancient India. Note his picture with Pramukh Swami of the Swaminarayan order. His Hidden Horizons: Unearthing Ten Thousand Years of Indian Culture (2007) is a special publication of the Swaminarayan Order (BAPS).
    His book on ancient India, Gods, Sages and Kings (1991) was one of the first to propose a new model of history for ancient India. A shorter version of this material Myth of the Aryan Invasion (Voice of India 1994, 2001) has been a popular book on the subject.
    Along with Georg Feuerstein and Subhash Kak, he wrote In Search of the Cradle of Civilization (1995) and along with N.S. Rajaram, Vedic Aryans and the Origins of Civilization (1994). His Rig Veda and the History of India (2001) takes this work further, setting forth a reconstruction of the history of ancient India in a Vedic light. Quotes from Frawley’s books on ancient India and an interview with him were featured in Grahman Hancock’s Underworld, Flooded Kingdoms of the Ice Age book and television series.
    Vamadeva has written several books on contemporary issues in India, particularly the challenges to dharmic and yogic culture posed by modern civilization. He views Hinduism in the light of its origins as ‘Sanatana Dharma’, the Universal or Eternal Tradition that is relevant to all human beings.
    His books on Sanatana Dharma began with From the River of Heaven: Hindu and Vedic Knowledge for the Modern Age (1991). Additional titles addressing more contemporary issues published through Voice of India in Delhi include Arise Arjuna (1995),Awaken Bharata (1998), and How I Became a Hindu: My Discovery of Vedic Dharma (2000), countering common stereotypes. His bookHinduism: the Eternal Tradition (1995) has been used by ashrams and temples. His Universal Hinduism: Towards a New Vision of Sanatana Dharma (2010) shows its global relevance.
    Acharya Frawley’s main teacher of Hindu Dharma was Ram Swarup of Delhi (1921-1998), photo to the upper left, whom Hinduism Today called the most important modern writer on Hinduism, with whom he was associated with from 1992. Ram Swarup wrote the foreword to Vamadeva’s Awaken Bharata. Vamadeva wrote the forewords for Ram Swarup’s collected works, including, On Hinduism; Meditations, Gods, Yogas; and the Word as Revelation: Names of Gods, and other volumes of his collected works.
    Touring and Speaking

    Over the past thirty years, Vamadeva has lectured in various locations throughout India. Places include Ayurvedic schools, Vedic Astrology schools, Yoga ashrams, universities, Hindu associations, Vedantic associations, and Yoga schools. He has written many articles for various India based newspapers, magazines and journals. He has also traveled and taught in Europe, South America, and throughout North America, relative to a similar range of organizations and institutions. Besides books, he has written numerous articles for magazines, journals, newspapers and the internet in North America and Europe. David Frawley is vegetarian.

    CONTACT

    vedicinst@aol.com

    http://www.vedanet.com

    ————————————————————-

    Professor Ramiro Calle (Spain)

    Professor Ramiro Calle is a pioneer in teaching yoga in Spain, discipline taught for more than 30 years ago in the center of Yoga and Orientalism “Shadak”.

    It is the most important Orientalist writer of this country and one of the most important in Europe. Author of several works, has extensively studied the therapeutic effects of Eastern psychologies and meditation contributions to psychoanalysis, psychotherapy and neuroscience.

    He was the first to promote medical research on Yoga therapy in Spain, in collaboration with leading physicians and specialists.

    Ramiro Calle is Vegetarian, and for 40 years tirelessly explored, recovered and applied the methods of peace and balance, synthesizing knowledge of Eastern and Western psychologies.

    Director since 1971 Yoga Center “Shadak”, the largest yoga center in our country, directly taught yoga, relaxation and meditation techniques over three hundred thousand people, helping them to prevent and combat psychosomatic problems .

    His books Orientalism and self-help have been read by millions of people, mostly Hispanic.

    His frequent trips to Eastern countries (more than 50 in India), have allowed him to interview the relevant specialists, teachers and Orientalists, including all those interviews and teachings in his books and papers.

    He has participated in numerous radio and television which has spread yoga techniques at national and international level.

    LITERARY WORK AND PUBLISHED WORKS

    Write, among others, two of the strongest publishing groups: PLANET and ANAYA.
    For more than 200 published works and his continuous appearances on radio and television, is well known throughout Latin America.
    His latest video-relaxation book has sold more than 60,000 copies, and some of his most important works have even surpassed that figure. Many of his works are frequently reprinted.

    BOOKS

    You can buy all the works of Ramiro Street in

    http://www.elcorteingles.es

    His works cover different topics:
    Yoga: “The wisdom of the great yogis” – Oniro, “Yoga for Healthy Life” – Today’s; “The Book of relaxation, breathing and stretching” – Alliance, etc …
    Self-help: “Given the Anxiety” – Uranus; “Affective Therapy” – Today’s “Emotional Therapy” – Today’s “Practical Guide to Yoga Therapy” – Index, “Restoring the mind” – Uranus, etc …
    Orientalism: “East to West Mystic” – Edaf, “Dictionary of Orientalism” – Edaf,.. etc …
    Travel Guides: “Journey to India” – Jaguar; “North India”, “South India”, “Nepal”, “Sri Lanka”, “Southeast Asia” – Laertes; etc …
    Novel: “The Fakir” – Martinez Roca, “The Dervish” – Martinez Roca; “Govinda” – Jaguar.
    Biography: “Buddha, the Prince of Light” – Booket, “Ramana Maharshi, the perfect master” – Cedel; etc …
    He has directed the following collections: “Techniques for the knowledge of self and others”, “Nirvana”, “Oriental Library Authors”; etc.

    He currently manages the collection “Light of the East” Publisher Edaf, “Learning to Live” and “lamp Wisdom” of the Jaguar publisher.

    TEACHING EXPERIENCE

    30 years Director of the Center for Yoga “Shadak” does, teaches physical yoga (Hatha Yoga) and mental yoga techniques and meditation (Radja Yoga) numerous people.
    Yoga teacher at the Autonomous University of Madrid and Senior Classrooms (Ministry of Culture).
    Extensive experience in the application of methods of relaxation and meditation for people with stress, anxiety, depression and addictions.
    He has applied the techniques of calming even the seriously ill.
    It is recognized in many varied sectors of the population as a great expert on psychosomatic health and psychic balance.
    It has a strong reputation among countless doctors, psychoanalysts and psychologists.
    Among his students are people from all walks of life, from housewives to artists, business leaders and politicians.
    Lecturer prestige has also directed numerous courses throughout the country (eg, “Yoga and Psychoanalysis” at the Center for the Study and Application of Psychoanalysis).
    With great convening power, in their lectures and courses has come to bring together more than 1,300 people.

    ORIENTALIST

    He has made over 60 trips Asian countries, visiting India in more than 50 occasions. He has been invited 5 times by the Government of India, in gratitude for their continuing research and promotion of yoga and Indian culture.
    Author of many books, guides and articles on Orientalism, also has 24 cassettes, videos and CD-rom.
    He has worked in the Spanish edition of many books of the most important orientalists, teachers and scholars.

    CONTACT

    http://www.ramirocalle.com/

    info@ramirocalle.com

    ——————————————————————————————————————–

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  1. […] Nice article by Dr. David Frawley on vegetarianism and non-vegetarian Hindus and tradition… … Eating of Meat and Beef in the Hindu Tradition […]

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